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Labor Laws

There are two types of employees under the Lebanese labor law:

  • The first includes all professional workers who hold office jobs. This includes everyone from administrative employees to senior managers.
  • The second category is comprised of manual laborers.

When employees are first hired, they are placed on a three month probation period. After the trial period, the employer must pay at least the minimum wage which is 675.000 LBP per month.

SPECIAL HIRING

The ministry of Labor set guideline to regulate hiring and work conditions of all employees. Every company with more than 15 employees must send a copy of its working regulations to the ministry of Labor.

Employees who have been unfairly treated can file a complaint with the Ministry's Work Force Department or appeal to the General Labor Confederation.

WORKING HOURS & DAYS

An employer may demand a maximum of 48 regular hours per week from an employee regardless of age or gender. This applies to all business except agriculture. Under special circumstances, employers can add extra hours to an employee's regular shift, but this requires a permit from the Ministry of Labor.

A normal working day should be eight hours, and in some cases up to 12 hours, knowing that employees should be given 9 consecutive hours of rest between each working day.

Public sector’s working hours are from 8:00 am till 2:00 pm. Private sector's working hours are from 8:00 am till 5:00 pm.

Public and Private sectors' working days are from Monday till Saturday.

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

Fitr Feast
 Varies according to Muslim Calendar
Adha Feast  Varies according to Muslim Calendar
All Saints Day  1st November
Islamic New Year
 Varies according to Muslim Calendar
Independence Day   22 nd November
 New Year’s Day
 1st January
 Ashoura
 Varies according to Muslim Calendar
 Orthodox American Christmas
 6 th January
 Christmas
 25 th December
 Prophet's Birthday   Varies according to Muslim Calendar
 Feast of St. Maroon
 25 th December
 Easter Sunday
 Varies according to Gregorian & West Calendar
 Orthodox Easter
 Varies according to Gregorian & West Calendar
 Labor Day
  1 st May
 Martyr's Day   6 th May
 Resistance & Liberation Day
 25 th May
 Assumption Day
 15 th August

ANNUAL LEAVE

Full time employees are entitled to 15 days paid vacation at the end of their first year of employment. Employees can accumulate two annual leaves. The employee should inform the employer when he wants to take his leave, but it is up to the employer to approve the request.  back to top

SICK LEAVE

After an employee has been employed for more than three months, he is entitled to a half-month sick leave on full pay. The entitlement changes according to the number of years in service. An employer has the right to request a doctor to examine an employee seeking extended medical leave. If the sick leave exceeds the entitlement, the employer may deduct the extra days from the employee's annual leave. When on leave, an employer is forbidden from issuing a warning or dismissal notice for the employee.

BEREAVEMENT LEAVE

An employee is entitled for a two days bereavement leave to be used on the death of close family members including grandparents. back to top

TERMINATION

Employers and employees can mutually agree to break a written work contract at any time, in such case there is no payment for damages or entitlements. However, in situations where one party breaks the contract, the injured party is entitled to seek compensation. back to top

MISCONDUCT

In situations where either party breaks the work contract for reason of misconduct, the party seeking compensation must file a lawsuit within one month of the violation. The labor court decides whether compensations should be paid. Firing an employee is considered a misconduct if the action is based on an unfair or personal reason. back to top

NOTICE PERIOD

If the employee wants to quit or an employer wants to fire an employee, both parties are required to give the other a written:

  • One month notice period if the employment contract is less than three years.
  • Two months notice period if the employment contract is between three to six years.
  • Three month notice if the employment contract is between six to twelve years.
  • More than 12 years of service requires four months of notice period.

There is no financial penalty if either party wants to terminate a contract during the initial three-month probationary period. back to top

FINANCIAL HARDSHIP

An employer is allowed to terminate employee contracts if he has a significant reason, such as financial difficulties. However, the Ministry of Labor must be informed for at least a month before the move. If the company’s financial picture improves within one year, the employer is legally bound to offer to rehire the employees before hiring new staff. back to top

PREGNANCY AND DELIVERY

Female employees must be given a 49 days paid maternity leave. During the maternity leave an employer cannot issue a warning or fire an employee unless she was already more than five months pregnant when she was hired. back to top

WORK PERMITS

A permit from the Ministry of Labor is required for foreigners to work in Lebanon. The Lebanese law entitles foreign workers, who are in possession of a work permit from the Ministry of Labor, to enjoy full social rights. back to top

VISA

Free visas and temporary residence valid for a period of six months are granted on border departments and centers according to the following:

  1. For Arab investors, Businessmen and their family members who are visiting Lebanon for the first time in the purpose of investment and that after presenting an official document from the appropriate authorities proving their professional occupation in addition to a recommendation letter from the same authorities in favor of granting the visa.
  2. For Arab investors, Businessmen and their family members holding a letter from the Investment Development Authority of Lebanon (IDAL) in the favor of granting the visa.
  3. For Arab investors, Businessmen, Traders and their family members pursuant to an invitation from a Lebanese businessman according to the following:
  • The inviting party presents an application to the General Directorate of General Security that should include:
  1. A written commitment to bring over the concerned party on the applicant's responsibility.
  2. A photocopy of his commercial record.
  3. A passport's photocopy of the invited person with an official document issued by the competent authorities certifying his professional occupation.
  1. Investors and Businessmen mentioned in articles A, B, C above, possessing a temporary residence for a period of six months and who have already launched investment projects in Lebanon, can present a request to the General Directorate of General Security to obtain a yearly or a permanent residence, valid for three years and renewable
  2. For the citizens of the countries who have not granted immediate visas at the airport, their cases will be treated according to the following:
  • Bankers, Directors/General Managers and Employers after presenting a document that certifies their positions.
  • People from Lebanese origin provided they present a proof.
  • Touristic delegations of minimum eight persons pursuant to an application presented by an authorized tourist company in Lebanon along with a departure commitment by that company.
  • The patients coming for hospitalization and medical treatment according to a detailed report from a specialized physician justifying the reason of the medical treatment and hospitalization in Lebanon.
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Last Update: 03 April 2012

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